Black Book of Communism

Black Book of Communism

Crimes, Terror, Repression









table of contents

  • Foreword: The Uses of AtrocityMartin Malia
  • Introduction: The Crimes of CommunismStéphane Courtois

I. A State against Its People: Violence, Repression, and Terror in the Soviet UnionNicolas Werth

  1. Paradoxes and Misunderstandings Surrounding the October Revolution
  2. The Iron Fist of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat
  3. The Red Terror
  4. The Dirty War
  5. From Tambov to the Great Famine
  6. From the Truce to the Great Turning Point
  7. Forced Collectivization and Dekulakization
  8. The Great Famine
  9. Socially Foreign Elements and the Cycles of Repression
  10. The Great Terror (1936 -1938)
  11. The Empire of the Camps
  12. The Other Side of Victory
  13. Apogee and Crisis in the Gulag System
  14. The Last Conspiracy
  15. The Exit from Stalinism
  16. Conclusion

    II. Word Revolution, Civil War, and TerrorStéphane Courtois, Jean-Louis Panné, and Rémi Kauffer

  17. The Comintern in ActionStéphane Courtois and Jean-Louis Panné
  18. The Shadow of the NKVD in SpainStéphane Courtois and Jean-Louis Panné
  19. Communism and TerrorismRémi Kauffer
  20. III. The Other Europe: Victim of CommunismAndrzej Paczkowski and Karel Bartoek

  21. Poland, the “Enemy Nation”Andrzej Paczkowski
  22. Central and Southeastern EuropeKarel Bartoek
  23. IV. Communism in Asia: Between Reeducation and MassacreJean-Louis Margolin and Pierre Rigoulot


  24. China: A Long March into NightJean-Louis Margolin
  25. Crimes, Terror, and Secrecy in North KoreaPierre Rigoulot
  26. Vietnam and Laos: The Impasse of War CommunismJean-Louis Margolin
  27. Cambodia: The Country of Disconcerting CrimesJean-Louis Margolin
  28. Conclusion

    Select Bibliography for Asia

    V. The Third WorldPascal Fontaine, Yves Santamaria, and Sylvain Boulouque

  29. Communism in Latin AmericaPascal Fontaine
  30. Afrocommunism: Ethiopia, Angola, and MozambiqueYves Santamaria
  31. Communism in AfghanistanSylvain Boulouque
  32. Conclusion: Why?Stéphane Courtois

  • Notes
  • Index
  • About the Authors

Stéphane Courtois is Director of Research at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) in Paris, and editor of the journalCommunisme.

Nicolas Werth is a researcher at the Institute for Contemporary History.

Jean-Louis Panné collaborated on the Dictionnaire biographique du mouvement ouvrier français.

Andrzej Paczkowski is Deputy Director and a professor at the Institute for Political Studies of the Polish Academy of Sciences.

Karel Bartosek is acting head of research at CNRS and the editor of the journal La nouvelle alternative.

Jean-Louis Margolin is a lecturer in history and coordinator of lectures at the University of Provence and a researcher at the Research Institute on Southeast Asia of CNRS.


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